Who is Affected by HIV/AIDS

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  • HIV affects people from all backgrounds regardless of age, race, ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation.1
  • An estimated 36.9 million people worldwide are living with HIV and less than half are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART).2
  • Roughly 1.2 million Americans aged 13 years and older are living with HIV.2
  • More than 50,000 Americans are infected with HIV every year.1
  • 1 in 8 people in United States with HIV don’t know they have it.2
  • Approximately 1 in 4 (25%) people living with HIV in the United States are women.3
  • Women account for 1 in 5 (20%) of new HIV infections in the United States.2
  • Not all women are equally affected by HIV; Black/African American, and Hispanic women are disproportionately affected.2
  • Most women are infected with HIV through sexual contact with a man.3
  • Less than half of women living with HIV are receiving treatment.3
  • At the end of 2010, men accounted for 76% of individuals living with HIV in the United States.2
  • Men make up 80% of new HIV infections in the United States and of this number, 76% are MSM.2
  • As of 2011, 75% of estimated AIDS diagnoses in the United States were among males.2
  • The CDC estimates that 1 in 51 men will receive a diagnosis of HIV at some point during their lifetime.2
  • Injection drug use accounts for 6% of all new male HIV infections.4
  • Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) represent the largest number of new HIV infections in the United States.2
  • As of 2014, an estimated 54% of all people living in the US with HIV were MSM. 2
  • MSM represent the highest percentage of men living with HIV.2
  • Gay and bisexual men aged 13 and older account for 83% of new HIV diagnoses.2
  • In 2014, more than 1 in 5 new HIV diagnoses were youth aged 13 to 24.2
  • Young gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24 account for 92% of all new HIV infections for their age group.2
  • From 2005 to 2014, HIV diagnoses among both Black and Hispanic/Latino gay and bisexual men aged 13 to 24 increased about 87%.2
  • Among youth aged 13 to 24 diagnosed with HIV in 2014, 80% were gay and bisexual males.2
  • At the end of 2012, an estimated 57,200 youth aged 18 to 24 were living with HIV in the United States.2
  • In 2014, an estimated 22% new HIV infections occur in youth aged 13 to 24 year old.2
  • In 2014, an estimated 9,731 youth aged 13 to 24 were diagnosed with HIV.2
  • The CDC estimates 44% of youth ages 18 to 24 with HIV are unware that they have it.2
  • Transgender groups in the United States are at higher risk for HIV infection.2
  • The American Foundation for AIDS Research found that 19.1% of transgender women worldwide are estimated to be infected with HIV.6
  • Higher levels of HIV infection among transgender women have been associated with high risk behaviors such as multiple partners.2
  • HIV infections due to injection drug use have declined, but injecting drugs remains a significant risk.2
  • In 2013, seven percent of new HIV infections were due to injection drug use.2
  • For the same year, 63% of HIV diagnoses linked to IDU were among men.2
  • Black/African Americans account for almost half of injection drug use HIV infections.2
  • An estimated 6% of HIV diagnoses were attributed to injection drug use.2

Estimates of New HIV Diagnoses in the United States for the Most-Affected Subpopulations, 2014


Source: CDC. Diagnoses of HIV infection in the United States and dependent areas, 2014. HIV Surveillance Report 2015;26. Subpopulations representing 2% or less of HIV diagnoses are not reflected in this chart. Abbreviation: MSM = men who have sex with men.


References

  1. U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
  2. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC)
  3. National Institutes of Health (NIH)
  4. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA)
  5. AIDS.gov
  6. The American Foundation for AIDS Research (amfAR)